what day? What night?
The soul awakes; and, wond’ring, sees
In her mild hand the golden Keys.
Blake, “To the Queen.”
Energy is the only life.
face gives no light, shall never become a star.
pride of the peacock is the glory of God.
Blake, The Marriage of Heaven and Hell.
The beginning is the end.
“Song of Myself.”
of the traditional qualities of yang energy as defined in the I
Ching correspond to the astrological Sun. It is “light-giving,
active, strong, and of the spirit.” “Its essence is
power or energy. Its image is heaven.” “In relation
to the universe,” it “expresses the strong, creative
action of the Deity. In relation to the human world, it denotes
the creative action of the holy man or sage, of the ruler or leader
of men, who through his power awakens and develops their higher
nature.”1 The yang energy is “conceived of as motion.
Time is regarded as the basis of this motion.” Yang energy
also expresses “the power of time and the power of persisting
in time, that is, duration.”
Some of these qualities amplify the nature of the other yang
planets in the symbolic solar system. The phenomenon of “motion”
is further characterized in the yang manifestation of Mars. Mars
and Saturn each symbolize ‘“strength in character”
and the ability to “endure,” which here make their initial
appearance in the Sun symbolism. A discriminating management of
time, and a comprehension of the limitations that time imposes,
fall under the rulership of Father Time as Chronos or Saturn. This
cycle completes itself in the final planetary form of yang: that
is, in astrological Pluto.2 Through the transformative power of
Pluto, the merely personal self is metamorphosed into the higher
or Divine Self, upon which the ego structure is archetypally based.
Therefore, from the crystallization of the ego, symbolized by the
Sun, we progress to the “awakening power of the sage or holy
man” (Pluto). It is through the “power of the Deity”
(Pluto) that the sage awakens the higher nature that resides in
humankind. From the incarnation of self (Sun), we finally arrive
at the revelation of Self (Pluto): an evolution toward an ultimate,
innermost truth (Pluto).
A quality of singular importance in the solar symbolism is
individualization: notably, in the creation of the
ego, with its ability to discern reality from its central position
in the field of consciousness, allowing for the unique development
of identity and personality. As the ego moves through “particular
conditions” (Sun) of linear time and space (“motion”
and “the power of persisting in time”), a uniqueness
of experience, perception, and identity is the result. This “idiosyncratic
particularization” is a principal keynote of the astrological
While the Sun rules “leadership” and being a
“role model” for others, a more fully evolved Sun principle
is exemplified by the “holy man or sage” who realizes
the unique path that each sentient being must take to qualify
for “enlightenment”–a word which itself partakes
of the illuminating quality of the Sun. The path of each particular
being moving toward higher consciousness is symbolized by the Sun’s
brilliant, heavenly arc, which rises over the horizon and marks
our ephemeral, daily passage through life. As an ontological
symbol, in its rising, noontime, and setting positions the Sun’s
apparent movement portrays our passage from birth, to midlife,
to death. Finally, the Sun’s unique movement through the
cosmos further symbolizes mankind’s unique journey of discovery
in an ever-evolving universe.
While the vital energy of the Sun triggers the growth of
individual life forms, the ultimate goal of the yang force is symbolized
by the transpersonal planet, Pluto. Pluto sheds uniqueness and transforms
the idiosyncratic identity to reveal the transcendental nature of
a higher Self. In its movement from the personal to the transpersonal,
identity progresses from the unique self (Sun) to the Divine Self
(Pluto). As ruler of the Underworld (i.e., the archetypal realm
of the collective unconscious), Pluto qualifies the uniqueness
of the solar path by placing it within a larger, transpersonal context.
The astrological glyph for the Sun (a circle with a dot in
the center) symbolizes the focal point through which such eternal
cosmic energies incarnate into a particular life form. In Western
religious symbolism, this point (or scintilla, in alchemy)
corresponds to the Christ-principle or “the Way of Christ”–a
unique path one must discover (and create) within oneself. (“The
apple tree never asks the beech how he shall grow, nor the lion
the horse, how he shall take his prey.”–Blake.) Even
the Church Fathers drew a metaphoric correspondence between Christ
and Sol. In alchemy, we have the equivalent symbol of the sol
terrenus or “earthly sun”: the alchemical symbol
of Sol that we recognize today as “correspond[ing] psychologically
Improper manifestation of the energy:
tendencies, exhibitionism, and a myopic focus on personal self to
the exclusion of the identity of others are typical manifestations
of yang in its “immature” solar form. This kind of obsession
with the “I” (identity) serves only as an obstacle to
the higher Self, which then has no recourse but to cryptically manifest
in such banal personalized forms (e.g., mistaking one’s ego
for something “divine”).
Intrapsychically, such improper channeling of yang represents
a fixation upon an earlier stage of ego-development. As children
mature and grow into adults, a singular focus on ego growth is necessary
to ensure the ego’s “durability” and “power
of persisting in time.” For the creation of a strong and healthy
identity, such a focus is a necessary development. In later life,
however, the absence of a transpersonal (i.e., non-ego) perspective
will result in inhibiting the development of the Sun’s other
The ego is a psychic focal point through which yang energy will
fuel inner growth; enlighten the consciousness of others; and illuminate
the meaning of one’s own identity. These solar functions allow
us to obtain and sustain meaning as a counterpoint to the
meaningless dimension of the world. ”).
When solar consciousness becomes developmentally “stuck,”
however, then the identity is corrupted by the vulgar notion that
“the only thing that means anything to me is me.” Ironically,
there is nothing unique or meaningful about egoism, self-centeredness,
or a stage of consciousness that is severely limited and lacking
a transpersonal dimension. What appears as uniqueness is merely
the idiosyncratic and meaningless accumulation of egocentric experience.
This rather linear and two-dimensional realm of random experience
will block the expression of the higher Self, with its potential
for providing a broader scope of consciousness.
the Sun principle is underdeveloped in the horoscope, the identity
may remain in a nascent state for an inappropriately prolonged period.
This may result in an inability to develop a personal style or means
of expression; shyness; or an inability to “shine” around
others. Instead of an extroverted, dramatic expression of self,
one may have difficulty in properly directing psychic energy into
the external environment. “Surrogate egos,” in the form
of attachments to those who have developed a more expressive, dramatic
personal style, are typical in the lives of those with an underdeveloped
Sun principle. The psychological projection of the Sun upon others
is often experienced as a strong admiration or even a compulsive
attraction toward the beaming, radiant egoism of the surrogate-Sun
companion. This will be especially pronounced during early life
and adolescence: a period when the ego should be making a distinctive
debut upon the world stage. Relationships with such surrogate-ego
friends will be pursued without any conscious realization of the
psychological principle at work. The search for self can also take
an introverted form, such as an attraction to solar principles of
a more abstract nature (the inner search for the archetypal father,
e.g., realizing the need to develop leadership qualities within
Conversely, highly evolved Sun personalities may be drawn
to illuminating the consciousness of the underdeveloped Sun friend
or to triggering the formation of his identity. Such a person finds
his purpose in dramatically personifying the heroic process of
individuation. He may present himself as a leader or role model
and point to his own life as an example to be followed (one “orbits”
around the Sun, just as the student follows the illuminating “path”
of the teacher). In a similar fashion, we speak of the astronomical
sun’s ability to “attract other celestial bodies into
its orbit” and to “dramatically illuminate the solar
system” with spectacular solar explosions and dramatic flares
that emanate from the chromosphere, brighten the solar corona,
and extend out into space as heat and energy.
In cases of ego-inflation (identifying with the solar principle),
the underdeveloped-Sun personality may be tolerated simply as a
means of “bouncing one’s rays” off an inferior
orbiting object. Here, the Sun-identified personality–stuck
in a developmental stage of flamboyant egoism and childish exhibitionism–exploits
the presence of such orbiting “satellites” or revels
in “collecting admirers” simply as a means of verifying
the force of his own identity. Minus such attention-seeking devices,
which he uses to gain and hold the fascination of others, the solar-identified
personality might doubt the value and power of his own personality.
Therefore, the danger for the underdeveloped Sun-“orbiter”
is clear. While he may learn to develop certain ego skills in emulating
the solar role model, he may also become locked into the orbit of
this more charismatic personality. (Vicarious living has its limitations.)
In cosmogonic myths, the Sun initiates a process whereby
unformed primal darkness is shaped, illuminated, and vitalized,
thereby engendering unique, living beings. Astrologically, we would
speak of a desire to create a specific identity; to pursue a talent;
to render a unique manner of expression; or to celebrate, dramatize,
or dignify the self. Focusing psychic energy upon tasks that uniquely
match one’s abilities or that develop one’s potential
will assist in the formation of an identity. In its acts of creative,
the ego generates a solar force of its own: an electro-magnetizing
and “heating” of the psychic atmosphere through the
illumination of the self.
This process foreshadows the next astrological stage of
yang: the interactive propensity of Mars. In its extreme form,
this will result in aggression, violence, or other forms of “yang
madness.” Positively expressed, however, Mars’s interactive
exchange of energy, especially when channeled through work or in
dynamic groups composed of various specialists (e.g., a team working
toward a specific goal), leads to positive accomplishment.
In turn, this foreshadows the next astrological stage of
yang: the collective self, experienced through Saturn. Saturn
sacrifices the merely personal or interpersonal goal so that the
demands of the social collective are met. Saturn’s “self-sacrifice”
foreshadows the final stage of yang, symbolized by Pluto: the surrendering
illusions and, especially, shedding the “illusion” of
the ego. When the self fulfills its social responsibility and comes
to recognize society as an expression of many individual self-identities
forming a collective self (Saturn), a transformation process will
then lead beyond the collective-self to the transpersonal encounter
symbolized by Pluto.
Those “sacrificed” to the fulfillment
of duty (i.e., the societal responsibilities of Saturn) or to the
task of assisting others in depth transformation processes (e.g.,
Pluto as psychotherapist, surgeon) will need to activate any unfulfilled
desires for ego-gratification, -fulfillment, -expression, and -growth
(Sun). Unless this is approached consciously, one will be drawn
to unconsciously fulfill such desires through one’s social
(Saturn) or transpersonal (Pluto) roles. In such a case, for example,
a psychotherapist’s judgments (Pluto) will be clouded by unfulfilled
identity issues, e.g., he will recommend things for the patient
that symbolize the unfulfilled needs of the doctor. Similarly, Saturn’s
urge to engage in “dutiful” action may become tainted
by the expression of egocentric control (Sun) over others. A father’s
physical abuse of his son–so-called disciplining–is,
in fact, not the disciplining (Saturn) of his son’s self but
the engorging of the father’s ego (Sun) with negative forms
of psychic energy, which are experienced as “rigid and severe
authoritarianism” over others. Therefore, the solar principle
must not be “skipped over” in favor of a later phase
of the yang spiritual force, as the Sun energy will, sooner or later,
manifest in another form: in a cryptic, subliminal, unconscious
form that will be intermingled with another planetary force, as
in the examples cited above.
The proper goal of solar consciousness is the individual
expression of our transpersonal nature. The I Ching portrays
this in the image of the sage who incarnates a creative force. The
divinity of the higher Self and its noble expression in individual
life forms is the ultimate manifestation of the Sun symbolism.
We experience this in the singular nature of our brief human incarnation.
Personalities with Primary Transcendental Sun:
Chaplin (silent screen “celebrity” whose “dramatic
self-expression” received widespread “acclaim”
and who worked directly under his Primary Sun line in Hollywood,
California); James Dean (Hollywood “star” of “nearly
mythic proportions” whose “dramatic talent” flourished
directly under his Primary Sun line, in Hollywood, and whose “self-absorption”
is the subject of countless biographies); Amelia Earhart (aviator
whose “well-publicized” transoceanic flights resulted
in her enduring “celebrity status” as a “courageous
heroine”); Paul Gauguin (one of the most “celebrated”
modern artists, who relocated under his Primary Sun line in Tahiti
and in the Marquesas Islands); John F. Kennedy (American president
whose “heroism” in the South Seas occurred under his
Primary Sun line and who was criticized for being “self-centered”);
John Lennon (one of the greatest “celebrities” of the
’60s whose “talent” and “flamboyant personality”
inspired a generation); Marcello Mastroianni (a “dignified”
international film “star” who became the cinematic “alter-ego”
of the noted film director, Federico Fellini); Pablo Picasso (“self-centered”
artist who possessed profound “talent, willful individualism,
and unmitigated pride,” who relocated directly under his Primary
Sun line, in Paris, to become the “most celebrated”
painter of the twentieth century); Rainer Maria Rilke (greatest
German language poet of the twentieth century; a verse chronicler
of the “self” who was born almost precisely under his
Primary Sun line, in Prague); Erwin Rommel (“willful”
German general and military “celebrity” who was given
the “colorful” nickname, “the desert fox”;
born in Heidenheim, Germany, almost precisely under his Primary
The Assassination of John F. Kennedy (the most “visible”
and “publicized” assassination in history, which occurred
under a Primary Sun line).
phrases for the Sun:
self actualized in sentient form.
•Consciousness, especially as structured through the focal
point of the ego.
•Dramatically displaying an appropriate expression of identity
•The presentation, promotion, and celebrating of the self.
The ego as a tool or talent with which to define, create, or illuminate
identity (i.e., identity realized through ego-functions and abilities).
•The “light”-giving aspect of consciousness (i.e.,
the illumination of consciousness through personal insight).
•The experience of “shining forth.”
•The function of the individual will.
•The self-actualizing principle.
•The expression of an individual style, flair, or dramatic
delivery. Style not as an expression of Venusian harmony and beauty
but rather as an energetic, beaming celebration (“celebrity”)
•The willful expression of self in attention-seeking, overtly
•A level of fame that transcends ordinary human bounds.
•Ontologically, the emergence of the identity (Sun) from the
“night-world” of the emotions and from the preconscious
or intrauterine psyche (Moon).
•In Indian astrology, the Sun corresponds to Prana,
the “breath of life.”3
•Yang energy expressed as unique self-identity.
Dr Victor Mansfield has kindly granted permission to use this insightful
remark from a note I received from him on October 14, 1998: “I
had a guru with an unaspected Sun. He always thought that it allowed
him the maximum freedom of expressing the Sun’s meaning and
function. Perhaps, aspects not only help manifest or express a planet’s
meaning and function but they also limit its scope of action.”
See his groundbreaking work, Synchronicity, Science and Soul-Making, Chicago, Open Court Publications,
2. “It is possible to trace a line of development linking
the Sun, Mars, and Saturn, which parallels the line linking the
Moon, Venus, and Jupiter.” Moore and Douglas, Astrology,
The Divine Science, p. 41. “Neptune is the higher
octave of Venus”; “Pluto is the higher octave of Mars.”
Oken, As Above, So Below, pp. 317, 324.
3. “The metaphorical designation of Christ as Sol in the language
of the Church Fathers was taken quite literally by the alchemists
and applied to their sol terrenus. When we remember that
the alchemical Sol corresponds psychologically to consciousness,
the diurnal side of the psyche, we must add the Christ analogy
to this symbolism.” Jung, Mysterium Coniunctionis,
4. The Sun is said to “trigger” or energize the transits
of the other planets when the Sun’s apparent movement through
the zodiac corresponds to celestial degrees reached by these planets
in their movement (or transit) through space. In such a case, we
can also anticipate the Sun’s “illumination” of
the core meanings symbolized by the planets in question.
For example, when transiting Sun and transiting Uranus each
reach a celestial degree that corresponds to the degree of one of
the planets in the horoscope, the core Uranian qualities of “liberation,
freedom, and intuitional brilliance” will be “illumined”
by the presence of the Sun’s vital energy. While the transiting
degree of the Sun may seem to correspond to the moment when the
Uranian event will occur (it is a traditional tenet of astrology
that the Sun acts as this kind of “trigger”), the Sun’s
transit may vitalize the ability of the ego to comprehend the
meaning of what is actually occurring (i.e., to “see”
it more clearly). Without the Sun’s participation as a transiting
factor, the same event might have occurred without our conscious
awareness or without our ability to discern the meaning of the experience.
For this reason, the Sun may have more to do with triggering
insight into transiting events and less to do with acting as
a mere, mechanistic astrological trigger.
Dreyer, Indian Astrology, p. 87.
is or should be an affair of each person, each one of us, getting
in touch with the elemental forces of the universe (which is, throughout,
a personal universe).
(James Jackson Putnam.)
make a circle without a compass, try to trace a line always equidistant
from the center, but do not think about other forms or about the
many people who have traced circles before you. If you kill yourself,
you will not make it perfectly round; and in the discrepancy between
perfect roundness and your closest approximation to it, you will
find your perfect expression. If you work in good faith you will
try to make it perfect, but each of your circles, in spite of your
improved dexterity in drawing them will always suffer from the same
defect. Every one of them will bear your mark. But if, suddenly,
you decide to imitate somebody else, you’ll do it worse, and
your deception will fool only morons.
man is only half himself; the other half is his expression.
any artist will tell you, to be universal you have to be specific.
(Director David Cronenberg.)
am I inside and out, and I make holy whatever I touch or am touched
from; / The scent of these arm-pits is aroma finer than prayer,
/ This head is more than churches or bibles or creeds.
(Walt Whitman, Leaves of Grass.)
which makes my life good makes my death good also.
Tsu, trans. Gia-Fu Feng and Jane English.)
are spiritual beings having a human experience.
obtain your own astro-map & analysis, please inquire